President Discusses Salmon Recovery
by George W. Bush
Audio from Ice Harbor Lock and Dam near Burbank, Washington
George W. Bush: Thank you all very much. I appreciate you coming out to say hello. Thank you. Be seated, please. Thanks for coming out to say hello. It's a little different view from the views we have in Crawford. (Laughter.) The temperature is a little cooler, too, I want you to know.
But thanks for coming. It's such an honor to be here at the Ice Harbor Lock and Dam. I find it interesting that another Texan came to dedicate the dam. Vice President Lyndon Johnson dedicated this unbelievable facility in 1962. He said it's "an asset of astounding importance to the region and to America." He was right in 1962. And when I tell you its an asset of astounding importance to this region of America in 2003, I'm right, as well. (Applause.)
We just had a great tour, seeing this facility and its technological wonders. This work has added to the strength of your state, and it's added to the prosperity of the people. It's really important that we remember that when we're talking about national assets. After all, people's money built this facility, and we want the facility to help the people. The facility has been a crucial part of the past in this region, and I'm here to tell you it's going to be a crucial part of the future, as well. (Applause.)
I was pleased to see the incredible care that goes in to protecting the salmon that journey up the river. It's an important message to send to people, it seems like to me, that a flourishing salmon population is a vital part of the vibrancy of this incredibly beautiful part of our country. And I appreciate the commitment that we are making as a country, and that you're making as a community, for salmon restoration. What I saw was, and what you know, firsthand, is that we can have good, clean hydroelectric power and salmon restoration going on at the same time. And that's what I want to spend some time talking about. (Applause.) We have a responsibility to work together to make sure the human condition is strong and to make sure that the salmon flourish. And we'll meet that challenge.
I thank Gale Norton for her leadership. She is the Secretary of the Department of the Interior. She is a lady from the West. She understands land management. She knows what I know, that the folks who live closest to the land are those that care most about the land. And we appreciate that attitude. (Applause.)
I'm traveling in some pretty darn good company, too, when it comes to the congressional delegation. Old Doc Hastings has made a pretty good hand -- (applause). He informed me first thing, before he even said hello, that he was a grandfather again -- today. So congratulations, Doc. (Applause.) I wouldn't take too much credit for it, Doc, if I were you. (Laughter.)
I appreciate so very much traveling with George Nethercutt, as well. (Applause.) Both Doc and George are always telling me about how important eastern Washington is. (Applause.) Every time I talk to them, they're reminding not only that the folks here are just fine, fine, down-to-earth, hardworking people, but our nation is blessed to have the resources that are coming from this part of your beautiful state.
The western part of your state is beautiful, as well, and it's well represented -- parts of it are well represented by my close friend Jennifer Dunn. I'm glad you're here, Jennifer. (Applause.) The Acting Secretary of the Army, Les Brownlee, is with us today. I appreciate you coming, Les. Thank you for being here. (Applause.) We've got a lot of folks from the Corps of Engineers that are with us, people who are making this dam work, and I want to thank them for their service to our country. I appreciate so very much the National Marine Fishery Service, through the Commerce Department, the representatives that are here, as well.
I thank all the mayors that have come out; the state and local officials. I like to tease the mayors and tell them they've got a pretty darn tough job. After all, if the pothole isn't filled, they're going to hear from somebody firsthand at the coffee shop. (Laughter.) That doesn't happen to the President much. (Laughter.) I thank the mayors for coming. Just keep the garbage picked up. (Laughter.)
I appreciate so much the tribal chiefs that are here with us today, distinguished leaders that are here to make sure that the heritage of the salmon is protected and honored and revered, Chief Burke and Black Wolf, Sockeye and Sailor -- I'm honored you all are here and thank you for coming, as well, for taking time. (Applause.)
One of the things I've learned about Washington, D.C., there's a lot of experts on the environment there. (Laughter.) At least they think they are. They're constantly trying to tell people what to do. My judgment is those who think they know what they're doing in Washington, D.C. ought to come out and visit with the folks that are actually protecting the environment. (Applause.) People such as yourself. I have been to your state enough to know that the people of this great state are never very far away from some of nature's most beautiful sights. And the people who appreciate those beautiful sights the most are those who live close to the sights. They understand best of all what it means to be a good steward of land and water.
The Washington way of life depends, and always will depend, on the wise protection of the natural environment. It's been a part of your past; it's going to be an important part of the future of this state -- and our country, for that matter. And a vital part of the natural environment is the Pacific salmon.
Lewis and Clarke -- as Doc made sure -- pointed out where Lewis and Clarke stayed -- where he thought they stayed. (Laughter.) But he did say that they stayed in this part of the world a long time. I can see why. The weather's nice, and the scenery is beautiful. But think about what it was like when those rivers in 1805 time frame were just full of salmon. It must have been an unbelievable sight for them, particularly if they were hungry. (Laughter.)
Today, there are a lot fewer salmon in the waters. And the mission has got to be to fight the decline. The mission has got to be to make sure that we understand that without the salmon in the Columbia and Snake Rivers that this would be a huge loss to this part of the world. That's part of what the focus of my short discussion is today, is to let you know that we understand in this administration that we want to work with the local folks to revitalize the salmon runs.
The good news is that salmon runs are up. (Applause.) And that's really positive. And we just need to make sure we keep that momentum. I want to talk about some ways we're going to do it. Gale mentioned one thing is that we can spend that money in Washington, and we're writing a pretty good size check in '04. It helps keep the commitment about what I said when I ran for President. I said, look, we are concerned about the fish. We're also concerned about the citizens of Washington State who depend upon the dams for electricity, and the water to water their land so we can have the crops necessary to eat in America.
But the economy of this part of the world has relied upon the steady supply of hydropower. And we've got an energy problem in America. We don't need to be breaching any dams that are producing electricity. (Applause.) And we won't. Part of a national energy policy has got to make sure that we increase supply and maintain supply. And I saw the six generators that are able to capture a steady flow of water that produces that power, that enables people to live. We want the salmon to live; we want the quality of life in this part of the world to be strong, as well.
You know something, I talk about people closest to the land care about the land more than most. Every day is Earth Day if you're a farmer. (Applause.) Farmers depend upon the quality of the land and the quality of the water. And I understand that. And I understand that this dam and the dams along this river have a got a lot to do with the ability for people to farm the land.
You know, one of the great things about our national security is we don't have to worry about food from some other country. We produce enough to eat here in America. And that's good for our national security. I can't say the same for energy, by the way. We're reliant upon foreign sources of energy. That is a problem for national security. We're not reliant upon foreign sources of food. And that's important. This dam helps us become -- so that we don't get reliant upon foreign sources of food.
Our farmers depend upon the dams on this river. People who run the barges need the dams. The dams accommodate -- in other words, commerce happens, people can make a living, people have food on the table so they can feed their families. At the same time, the salmon are getting more plentiful. And it's a positive story, and it's a story we've got to continue to make sure this stays positive.
We have shown the world that we can have good quality of life and, at the same time, save salmon. And that's exactly what this administration will continue to do. I understand we can't do it alone, but we can help. We can make a difference. As Gale mentioned, the budgets are increasing. We're helping on technology. I just saw some technology that enables the young salmon and Steelhead to pass through the dam near the surface of the dam at lower speeds and lower pressures. That will help the young salmon runs. The technology is employed at the Lower Granite Dam. It will be installed soon here at Ice Harbor. In other words, the federal government is doing its part by gathering the technologies that will make the salmon runs stronger and better over time.
I bet in '62 there wasn't that much concern about salmon runs, when Vice President Lyndon Johnson was here. I haven't reviewed his entire speech, I don't know how much time he spent talking about technologies necessary to save salmon. But in 2003, we can say we're developing good, strong technologies to save salmon. We're getting better at it. (Applause.)
And I appreciate so much the hard work of the federal employees that are doing what we pay them to do. I also know my friend, Donnie Evans, who is the Secretary of Commerce, has got conservation plans that are now being developed and implemented in Chelan and Douglas County public utility districts. It's a good creative use of federal money, it seems like to me, to create these conservation plans and habitat restoration programs, to be smart about how we develop the strategies necessary to encourage salmon runs to increase.
The plan will minimize the impact of dams, improving fish bypass systems and hatchery programs. And we'll continue to work to fund local habitat restoration programs. In other words, there's a lot going on. But the truth of the matter is, in order to make this strategy work we're going to have to work with the local folks. That's the reality of the situation.
I know that -- I saw some of the irrigation systems, spray systems -- they look pretty darn modern to me. I suspect some of the oldtime farmers here will tell you that there's been a lot of technological advancement when it comes to conservation of water. The more water our farmers conserve by using efficient sprinkler systems, obviously, the less operating costs they have. But also it helps the salmon. And so, for the farmers who are here, I want to thank you for doing your part not only feeding America, but being good stewards of the water you use.
There's a group called Fish First. I met a fellow named Gary Loomis. And I appreciate Gary coming today. Gary is a guy who cares about restoring salmon runs and salmon habitat. So he and a group of volunteers have come together to work on the salmon projects around the state of Washington. They're installing culverts to accommodate the fish. They're creating side channels and ponds. They're getting their money through private donations. There's a lot of people who care about salmon runs, and they ought to be helping by contributing money. And they're using volunteers and some public grants.
As I understand that Gary Loomis' group is going to add another 4,900 foot of stream channel, mainly through volunteer work. And I appreciate what you're doing, Gary. I want to -- why don't you stand up and give people a chance to look at you and let you know the -- (applause). I want to thank you for what you're doing. This will give me a chance to tell the people of the great state of Washington and Oregon that if you're interested in salmon runs, if you want to do your part about conserving this great legacy, volunteer with groups like Gary Loomis' group.
There's a lot of good conservation groups that have a good common-sense view about making sure that the quality of human life is strong, and the quality of fish life is vibrant and healthy, as well. Volunteer help makes a difference. (Applause.)
I appreciate the positive attitude that people have here in this part of the world, the can-do attitude -- "here is a problem; let's go solve it together." And that's what we're here to confirm. It makes a -- it's a lot better than what happens a lot of times when it comes to conservation issues. And that is, people just file lawsuit after lawsuit after lawsuit, just kind of tie everything up in endless litigation and nothing gets better.
We've got that issue, by the way, with our forests. I was in Oregon yesterday, saw the devastating forest fires that are taking place. It's just sad to see national assets just go up in tremendous flames, because we have not done a good job of thinning out our forests and protecting our forests. And a lot of the reason why is because people just file lawsuits, and we get stuck in the court, and nothing happens. The forests don't benefit. People in the communities close to the forest are -- have their lives endangered because of the kindling that has piled up. We need to cut through all this business and get solving the national problems.
And so the good news about what's happening here is it looks like you've been able to bypass all the endless litigation, come up with solutions to the problem so that the people can say, you know, the job well done. Generations -- (applause) -- future generations can say, these folks had a chance and they responded.
And I want to thank you for what you do to make sure that this part of the world is as vibrant and healthy, and the heritage of the salmon remains strong. There's no doubt in my mind you will accomplish the objective. No doubt in my mind we will help. We want to be helpers, not hinderers, coming out of Washington, D.C.
The amazing thing about this country is when we put our mind to something, we can do a lot. We can do a lot. (Applause.) My mind is still focused on protecting America, by the way. We're going to hunt the terrorists down wherever they are, and bring them to justice. (Applause.) And we're making progress. See, in America we know that freedom -- free countries will be peaceful countries. We also know that freedom is not America's gift to the world, it is the Almighty's gift to every human being. (Applause.)
Abroad, this great nation will lead the world to more peaceful times. We'll promote freedom. We worry about the human condition when people are enslaved by tyranny. And at home, we'll protect our assets. We'll conserve our beautiful environment. And at the same time, we'll work to make sure that people can make a living, that people can work hard, put money on the table, they can do their duty as a mom or a dad for -- to feed their families.
Listen, America is a fabulous country, fabulous not only because of the values we hold dear, but fabulous because of the nature of the people, who are the American people. Thank you for coming. May God bless you. (Applause.)
Fact Sheet: President Bush Highlights Salmon Recovery Successes
President Bush Highlights Salmon Recovery Successes
"This state [Washington] faces a challenge: to save its salmon. For fishing families and businesses, [the salmon] are a vital resource. For Native Americans, they are a cultural cornerstone. For all of us, these fish are a wonder of nature, and they must be restored. "
-- George W. Bush, September 12, 2000
Today's Presidential Action
Today, President Bush visited Ice Harbor Lock and Dam, near Pasco, Washington to highlight the significant steps his Administration has taken to increase salmon populations while providing affordable hydro-electric power to Americans living in the Pacific Northwest. The President also announced the approval of a landmark habitat conservation plan agreement between the Administration and the north-central-Washington Chelan and Douglas public utility districts. This will allow continued operation of three hydroelectric dams while providing for the protection of salmon stocks.
Background on Today's Presidential Action
President Bush is committed to aiding salmon conservation efforts. Through Administrative actions and yearly funding increases, the President led the restoration of endangered salmon runs while leaving Federal dams in place that provide power to local communities.
Improving Salmon Returns:
Supporting Salmon Recovery and Affordable Power:
- Salmon returns in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho have improved dramatically. On the Columbia/Snake River salmon run, seven of its eight endangered salmon have shown marked improvement since 2000.
- The State of Washington's Department of Fish & Wildlife reported a record-setting 2003 spring chinook run.
- Steelhead returns at Bonneville, Oregon in 2001 and 2002 were the two largest returns on record.
- Mid-Columbia River steelhead reached a 22-year high in 2002 with more than 30,000 returning fish.
- More than 8,500 Snake River Fall chinook passed Lower Granite Dam in 2001. This represents the highest return since counts began in 1975.
- Oregon Coast coho returns have increased from 22,000 in 1997 to nearly 268,000 in 2002.
Supporting Collaborative Local, State, and Tribal Salmon Efforts:
- The vast majority of Pacific Northwest power is derived from hydroelectric dams, including 80 percent for Washington State. The President is committed to keeping the dams in place to ensure affordable power, while supporting effective, locally-led salmon recovery efforts.
- New technology and efforts by Federal hydro operators have substantially improved survival for salmon migrating through dams as juveniles and adults.
- President Bush announced the approval of a landmark habitat conservation plan agreement by Commerce Secretary Evans and the north-central-Washington Chelan and Douglas public utility districts. This will allow three local hydroelectric dams to continue providing power to over 52,000 local consumers and many more regional power users while providing benefits for salmon in the Columbia River.
Funding Increases and Results:
- Federal agencies are working collaboratively with the State of Washington and Indian tribes to implement the Washington Forests and Fish Agreement.
- The President, working with the State of Oregon, has pledged $250,000 to expedite biological and technical review of Oregon Coast coho salmon recovery measures.
- Federal agencies will soon approve urban road maintenance plans in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and California that will allow projects to move forward in a timely manner while protecting salmon.
- Federal agencies have been actively participating in and supporting the Shared Salmon Strategy in Washington State to develop a collaborative plan by local, state, tribal, and Federal governments to recover Puget Sound chinook salmon.
- Each year, the President has increased funding for coastal and riverine salmon recovery efforts. The FY 2004 budget request of $707 million is $165 million more than the amount enacted in FY 2001. This funding is allocated to Federal agencies that annually contribute towards salmon recovery as well as to the Pacific Salmon Recovery Fund which is used to assist states, tribes, and local governments that carry out additional salmon projects. Federal agencies contributing to salmon recovery include the U.S Army Corps of Engineers, and Departments of Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, Energy, and the Environmental Protection Agency.
- Over the past three years, the President's budget included requests to fully fund the Pacific Salmon Recovery Fund. This would assist states, tribes, and local governments with thousands of projects that benefit Pacific salmon in Washington, Oregon, California, and Alaska. In addition, the President's 2004 budget seeks more accountability in the use of these funds.
- During 2002, modifications at the 10 major Columbia/Snake River dams have improved fish passage and survival, 700 miles of streams are now accessible to salmon, and 19,000 acres of streamside buffers have been protected in the Columbia Basin.
- The President has requested funding for the reform and improved operation of dozens of hatcheries in the Pacific Northwest. These hatcheries are a vital component of salmon recovery efforts.
- The FY 2002 budget included $2 million in new funding for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to initiate important salmon habitat work on the Lower Columbia River Estuary.
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