Montana Settles Salmon Suit with Fedsby Staff
Missoulian, April 11, 2008
HELENA - The State of Montana has entered into a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation calling for the BPA to provide Montana with up to $15.5 million for the permanent protection of resident fish habitat.
The protection would occur through the purchase of fee title or conservation easements in northwest Montana.
In making the announcement, Montana Gov. Brian Schweitzer referred to the latest in a series of agreements as "a new day in the operation of the Federal Columbia River Hydro System where litigation and animosity are replaced by sound, scientific and effective management of the system and the fish and wildlife resources impacted by it."
The Umatilla, Warm Springs, Yakama and Colville tribes, and the State of Idaho, recently announced similar agreements with the federal action agencies.
As part of the agreement, the federal government also commits to instituting Montana's desired operations at Libby and Hungry Horse dams. When implemented, these operations will stabilize flows out of the dams and keep more water in reservoirs behind them and the rivers below them in the months of July, August and September.
These operations provide significant benefits to resident fish above and below the dams.
"This is a win-win situation as we can begin to purchase property to mitigate the loss of the riparian areas inundated by Hungry Horse and Libby Dams to improve the health and productivity of our resident fish resources," Schweitzer said. "It is good to know that resident fish and wildlife in Montana are afforded the consideration that the system gives the salmon in the lower Columbia River."
The agreement stemmed from a controversial lawsuit in the Pacific Northwest related to hydro system operations and fish and wildlife recovery. Montana joined the lawsuit in 2006 over concerns related to operations at Libby and Hungry Horse dams.
Schweitzer noted that three years ago he directed Montana's members of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Bruce Measure and Rhonda Whiting, to get involved in this process and try to bring some sense of collaboration and common purpose to this issue.
The governor also commented that if all goes as proposed in the agreement and the proposed biological opinion regarding Columbia River operations, the region will have accomplished the first step in reaching these goals.
"This agreement affirms our partnership with the State of Montana on long-term fish restoration," said BPA Administrator Steve Wright. "It supports Montana's interests in operation of the federal hydro system, providing biological benefits for Montana's resident fish and downstream benefits for threatened and endangered salmon."
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