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PNW Battle Over Salmon and Dams Intensifies
as Biden Administration Moves Toward Breaching

by Sarah Clendenon
Idaho Dispatch, December 17, 2023

In retrospect, the number of returning adult salmon was relatively level from 1938 through 1990.  The precipitous loss of returning chinook entering the Snake River (Figure 20) accounts for a major share of the decline that has occurred in total return to the Columbia -- Artificial Production Review, NW Power & Conservation Council The White House has announced that an agreement has been reached with Oregon, Washington, and four Pacific Northwest Native American Tribes regarding the Lower Snake River dams of the Columbia River Basin.

The Biden Administration calls the agreement a partnership and says the plans and goals are to "restore wild salmon, expand clean energy production, increase resilience, and provide energy stability" for the region.
The Tribes involved in the agreement include the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Nation, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon, and the Nez Perce Tribe.

The four affected dams are between Kennewick, WA and Lewiston, ID. These include Ice Harbor, Lower Monumental, Little Goose, and Lower Granite.

This fact sheet published by the White House explains,

"Under President Biden's leadership, the Federal government is charting a new path forward, in partnership with States and Tribal Nations in the region, for the restoration of wild salmon and other native fish in the Columbia River Basin while safeguarding and strengthening sustainable energy and water resources. The agreement enables an unprecedented 10-year break from decades-long litigation against the Federal government's operation of dams in the Pacific Northwest."
It details the four commitments by the Biden Administration in the agreement: A group known as Earthjustice, which is self-described as "the premier nonprofit public interest environmental law organization," is referenced in this Oregon Capital Chronicle article with a paraphrased statement saying,
"...the agreement explicitly calls for lower Snake River dams to be replaced and breached within two fish generations, or about eight years, to rebuild salmon populations. The group added that while the federal commitments don't include a decision to breach the dams, they do include a commitment to begin to replace the hydropower and services they provide and to work in partnership on other next steps."
Washington Governor Jay Inslee's office posted information and support for the agreement, which they described as,
"...actions that address the urgency of the salmon, climate, energy, and Tribal justice crises facing the Columbia River Basin. ...the Columbia Basin Restoration Initiative (CBRI).

....[the] announcement marks a renewed obligation to restoring salmon to healthy and abundant levels, while addressing the services provided by the Federal Columbia River Power System and creating a roadmap for the region to meet growing electricity demand with new, clean energy resources."

Oregon Governor Tina Kotek is also quoted in the same Oregon Capital Chronicle article saying,
"The Pacific Northwest's iconic salmon and steelhead are essential to our ecological and economic wealth, and a sacred part of tribal ceremonial, spiritual, and subsistence practices since time immemorial," Kotek said. "The Columbia River treaty reserved tribes exemplify steadfast leadership in salmon restoration and stewardship, forging a strong partnership with our states in a shared commitment to comanaging this precious natural resource for generations to come."
Idaho Congressman Mike Simpson has been working on this issue for several years. He has a plan he calls the Columbia Basin Initiative. In the explanation of the concept, he shows a small chart which describes the handling of this issue in the recent past as "the unsustainable status quo."

Simpson's concept is primarily an explanation of what would need to happen regarding energy, tourism, agriculture, the remaining dams, the watershed, farmers, irrigators, communities, and more if the four Lower Snake River dams are indeed breached as part of an agreement to protect the salmon and steelhead populations. You can find the slides of the presentation here.

Other Idaho political leaders are not pleased, however, with the recent Biden Administration agreement. In a recent press release, US Senator for Idaho Jim Risch said,

"It occurred behind closed doors, between two parties who wanted the same end result -- to tear out our dams, and it completely excluded Idahoans who rely on the River System for its energy, transportation, agriculture, and recreation benefits. I will continue to fight any breaching efforts, and, at every turn, I will reject the Biden administration's efforts to usurp Congressional authority."
Idaho Governor Brad Little and Idaho Lieutenant Governor Scott Bedke sent out a joint opinion statement on the matter, saying,
"Sustaining healthy salmon and steelhead populations is important. But make no mistake, that is not what this deal does.

The deal that was released to the parties with only weeks to examine is an aspirational document that spends Pacific Northwest ratepayer money with little to no accountability for outcomes in fish populations or energy production. Perhaps what's worse, the deal contemplates eliminating thousands of megawatts of clean energy while the region is facing an 8,000-megawatt energy deficit in the next decade."

Sarah Clendenon
PNW Battle Over Salmon and Dams Intensifies as Biden Administration Moves Toward Breaching
Idaho Dispatch, December 17, 2023

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