Salmon Win a Round Against NMFSby John Enge
Alaska Report, April 12, 2007
This article is about the Federal courts' involvement in the formation of recovery plans for Columbia and Snake River salmon.
It is revealing of NMFS attempts to satisfy key constituents. In this case it is the grain shippers of Idaho who want a cheap water route to transport grain to the Port of Portland. On the Klamath River, the big king salmon die-off was the consequence of work to get Sen. Gordon Smith elected.
NMFS has maintained that the four dams, that kill 92% of migrating smolt, are fixtures of the river ecology, like a rapids or a cut-bank.
Where would that mentality stop? Would a mine that taps into some nasty polluting mineral be just shrugged off as a fixture of nature? Do federal agencies need to be required to see the movie "Sahara"? Don't blame President Bush. These guys at NMFS have a conscience too. Real men resign when told to do dastardly deeds.
The Snake River historically had a run of 1.5 million spring/summer chinook worth about $400 million retail annually now. When the four dams were put in, the run was down to 60,000. Now it's about 17,000. Even with hatcheries doing all they can, only three sockeye got back to Red Lake in Idaho last year. Who knows how many fish were in that run to name a lake "red."
The Matolius River in Eastern Oregon is a tributary of the Dechutes River. There's a nice big dam smack in the middle of the Dechutes, blocking salmon returning to the Matolius. The Indian name "matolius" means "stinking" and they named the river that because of all the salmon that spawned and died there. Just now they are putting in a outflow tower that will let cold bottom water out instead of the top warm water that raises heck with returning salmon. What year is this? And we sent men to the moon?
I first heard about the Matolius driving by it with college friends from Oregon in the late '60s. We were going skiing at Mt. Batchellor, had some girls with us and could care less about salmon runs. I suppose that's generally the case these days too. I think if I were to come back to Alaska,
I'd go join that group on the Kenai that fixes culverts under roads that block migrating salmon. Alaska doesn't have any big dams, but it's got a ton of culverts that are like little dams.
You can bet that road builders are putting traditional culverts in Alaska still. Heck, the Department of Transportation isn't responsible for salmon, right? Neither were the dam builders in the Lower 48 responsible for anything but H2O. So, I'm glad to see salmon coming under the purview of the Courts more. Nothing else has saved them.
A bill in the Alaska Legislature would grease the skids for people to take the fisheries managers to task for screwing up fish stocks. As a test, where are Fish and Game employees when salmon are trying to find a culvert that's like a hole in the sky somewhere from the salmon's point of view. Or, where did the runs of chum salmon go in the side streams up Petersburg creek. Or the runs of the other four species of salmon for that matter. Every stream around Petersburg has the same story, so what's up with that?
Do you think you could complain to the ADF&G in Petersburg and get anywhere? It's a big-cannery town with lots of influence in Juneau. One notable influence is through the United Fishermen of Alaska. Their mission statement says right on their web-site that they work to foster positive relations with the big processors. So where are they when fishermen lose their market when they advocate for fishermen's rights? Remember, the big company in Petersburg was fined millions for cheating at the fishing game out in Adak. And UFA is tied to them. And the House Fisheries Committee talks to the UFA who has opposed court involvement. And the merry-go-round keeps go'in round 'n round.
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruling.
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