bluefish counter response:
CRSO respondents have misread my comment's intention: The bluefish comment did not "question the need for this additional capacity in MO3". My objective was to bring to the forefront, informative text deep within the 8,000-page Draft EIS (Appendix D) that was not highlighted or even mentioned in the CRSO Executive Summary.
Nonplussed, I do agree with the CRSO respondent's long-winded response to my comments (above). Using solar power to replace the ramping capabilities of the LSR dams is not possible without energy storage, be it gravity, chemical or compressed-air storage. Each of these are currently more expensive than relying on the tried and true. Rightfully, the conventional Resource Replacement Portfolio for MO3, chooses combined cycle combustion turbines (CCCT) as a reasonable solution (see two photos to right).
Following the CRSO analysis, modern CCCT power plants would be added to the grid. Another approach, less expensive and quite feasible according to the NW Council's Seventh Power Plan, would be to make Market Purchases and Reduce Electricity Exports while relying upon existing CCCT power plants to provide adequacy and reliability to the grid when power demand and power prices dictate (see An Economic Power Supply of this web series for more).
With a much smaller footprint -- both physically and ecologically -- two CCCT power plants similar to Avistas' 399MW Port Westward and PGE's 287MW Coyote Springs (upper and lower photos, respectively) is all that is necessary as a Resource Replacement Portfolio for Remove Snake River Embankments. (One additional Port Woodward-sized power plant would be sufficient for replacment of MO3 as a whole).
By comparison, the recently announced approval of gigawatt-scale energy storage in California, twenty miles north of Monterey Bay Aquarium, is instructive. Complementing PG&E's 1020 MW Moss Landing natural gas power plant (photo above, next to Federal Response) will be 1,500 MW/6,000 MWh Tesla batteries, eclipsing the current leader of energy storage, the Tesla Big Battery of Southern Austraila.
Looking to the future and finding examples today, it is not hard to imagine an "adequate, economic and reliable power system" without four Lower Snake River dams. But do not wait for the CRSO process to tell us that. Their agenda apparently lies elsewhere.
Chapter 3 - Potential Replacement Resources and Associated Costs (page 3-943)
To me, the above excerpt reinforces the Market Purchases / Reduced Exports alternative as an appropriate Resource Replacement Portfolio under a Remove Snake River Embankments scenario. As the upcoming Northwest Power & Conservation Council's Eighth Power Plan will highlight, solar power from California is growing with no end in sight.
. . .
Regardless of what is decided in this EIS, solar energy from California will flow northward during the daytime. As the sun's energy wanes, energy stored in the Northwest's large storage dams, less tapped during the daytime due to California's surplus of electricity, would become available for export.
Similar to the exchange of electricity a few decades ago, but now on a new timeframe schedule, the "perfect fit" of Northwest needs in winter and California needs in summer, will be utilized as daylight turns to twighlight. The same interstate transmission lines will be employed. No new CCCT plants need to be licensed, sited and constructed. The necessary systems are already in place. Remove Snake River Embankments need not wait.
The upshot of this is two-fold. Not only will solar resources not be as necessary in the higher latitude Northwest, but less battery capacity will be necessary to compensate for the lost ramping capabilities of the LSR dams.