the film
Economic and dam related articles

New Rules for Buoy 10 Columbia River Salmon Fishery

by CBB Staff
Columbia Basin Bulletin - August 1, 2003

Today's opening of the popular Buoy 10 salmon fishery at mouth of the Columbia River also marks the implementation of a few new fishing rules as anglers pursue fall chinook and hatchery coho salmon.

A new party fishing regulation in Oregon, which mirrors a previously existing rule in Washington, now allows boat anglers on either side of the Columbia River from Buoy 10 upstream to the Rocky Point/Tongue Point line to keep their gear in the water until the daily limits for all licensed and juvenile anglers on board have been reached. Previously, boat fishers in Oregon waters were required to bring in their lines once their individual limits were reached, even if others on board had not caught their limit.

In another new rule, a bonus bag limit for coho will go into effect Aug. 16 in Buoy 10 waters. The Buoy 10 fishery opens Aug. 1 with a daily limit of two fish but increases to three fish daily beginning Aug. 16. Only one fish per day may be a chinook.

With more than 595,000 fall chinook expected to return to the mouth of the Columbia this year, along with 429,000 coho, the Buoy 10 and lower Columbia sport fisheries are expected to attract considerable attention from anglers. Managers caution it could be a slow start.

"I expect the fall chinook fishery to start slowly and then improve dramatically in mid-August," said Curt Melcher, a biologist with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. "Coho will be available in good numbers through early October."

The projected fall chinook return, although lower than last year's near-record return of 733,000 adults, would still be the fourth-largest return since 1948. This year's expected coho return is similar to last year, when an estimated 511,000 adult coho returned.

This year's Buoy 10 fishery is expected to produce catches of 18,000 chinook and 37,000 coho. Last year, the Buoy 10 fishery prompted 84,000 angler trips, resulting in catches of 19,400 chinook and 6,200 adipose fin-clipped coho. The fall chinook catch was the largest since 1987, and the third-highest on record.

Bank anglers are reminded the Columbia River North Jetty is open to salmon fishing seven days per week when the Buoy 10 or Marine Area 1 salmon fishery is open. Daily limit and minimum size requirements follow the most liberal regulations of either area. Salmon anglers can use barbed hooks at Buoy 10 and on the North Jetty.

Meanwhile, salmon fishing on the mainstem Columbia from the Rocky Point/Tongue Point line upstream to Bonneville Dam, also opens Aug. 1 under fall rules, when both marked and unmarked chinook and adipose-clipped coho may be retained. This year's fishery is expected to produce catches of 13,000 chinook and 3,000 hatchery coho.

Last year's lower mainstem river fishery produced 111,000 angler trips and a catch of 21,200 adult chinook, 3,000 fin-clipped coho and 3,500 fin-clipped summer steelhead. The total fall chinook catch was an all-time record, more than twice that of the previous record year in 2001. Angling effort and catch rates for chinook were also record highs.

Fall salmon seasons also begin Aug. 1 on several Columbia River tributaries in Washington, including the Cowlitz, Toutle, Green, Kalama, Lewis, Washougal, Wind and Klickitat rivers, plus Drano Lake. Up to three adult hatchery coho may be retained on the Cowlitz, Toutle, Green, Lewis and Washougal rivers. Anglers are reminded that wild coho and all chum salmon must be released in the mainstem Columbia - including Buoy 10 -- and its tributaries downstream from Bonneville Dam.

Anglers are reminded to use caution when fishing in the Columbia River near the mouth. Conditions can be extremely rough and have led to fatalities. In addition, anglers should keep clear of the shipping channel if an approaching vessel is within one mile and should stay at least 100 yards away from the sides and stern of all large vessels.

CBB Staff
New Rules for Buoy 10 Columbia River Salmon Fishery
Columbia Basin Bulletin, August 1, 2003

See what you can learn

learn more on topics covered in the film
see the video
read the script
learn the songs
discussion forum
salmon animation