Ten Northwest Aluminum Smelters Employmentby Reed Burkholder
Breaching Dams to Save Idaho's Salmon & Steelhead - March 14, 1996
Eight aluminum companies purchase very large amounts of electricity from the Bonneville Power Administration, 25.8 million megawatt hours in 1991. This amount is the equivalent of the total generation of 11 dams the size of Lower Granite.
The ten aluminum smelters in the Northwest employ about 6,300 people but use the equivalent of all the electrical output of Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, Ice Harbor, and John Day dams plus 72% of the output of McNary as well.
In contrast, 6,300 folks like myself who work out of our homes and use an average residential amount of power, use the equivalent of just 2% of the output of Lower Granite Dam.
|1940||Vanalco, Vancouver, Washington||700||670|
|1941||Reynolds (Alcoa), Longview, Washington||900||795||417 MW|
|1942||Reynolds (Alcoa), Troutdale(Portland), Oregon||120||150||279 MW|
|1942||Kaiser, Mead(Spokane), Washington||1,072||950||390 MW|
|1943||Kaiser, Tacoma, Washington||316||360||140 MW|
|1952||Alcoa, Wenatchee, Washington||740||592||428 MW|
|1955||Northwest Aluminum, The Dalles, Oregon||471||500||167 MW|
|1955||Glencore, Columbia Falls, Montana||700||578||324 MW|
|1966||Intalco (Alcoa), Ferndale, Washington||1,150||1,100||457 MW|
|1970||Northwest Aluminum, Goldendale, Washington||650||600||317 MW|
1 source: "Northwest Aluminum Approaches Meltdown", article by Wayne Thompson published February 6, 1994 in the Sunday Oregonian
2 source: phone inquiries by Reed Burkholder March 13-14, 1996
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